Seismic Risk in Caspian Oil & Gas Transmission Line
|Category||Tectonic & Seismotectonic|
|Location||20th symposium on geosciences|
|Holding Date||16 April 2008|
Occurrence of two earthquakes during the year 2000 with
Magnitudes of 6.5 and 7.0 on Richter Scale respectively in
Azarbaijan and Turkmenistan coastal regions. attracted again the
seismologists attention in the region. These two phenomena are
important because they occurred on the great Caucasus-Kopet Dagh main fault.
Since the Caucasus-Kopet Dagh fault was responsible ftr many destructive earthquakes (including the earthquake of 5th October 1948 with M=7.6), it seams that construction and operation of oil and gas transmission lines in this route should he based on sufficient studies of seismology and neo-tectonics. Furthermore, the risk of induced earthquakes due to the injection of chemicals for petroleum extraction is very probable.
This essay, based on geology, seismology and geomorphology of Caspian Sea bed studies concludes that any non-fundamental extraction of petroleum resources should result in the complete destruction of this greatest lake of the world.