Porphyry-Style Alteration and Mineralization of the Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene Andahuaylas-Yauri Belt, Cuzco Region, Peru

      Originally known for its Fe-Cu skarn mineralization, the Andahuaylas-Yauri belt of southeastern Peru is rapidly emerging as an important porphyry copper province. Field work by the authors confirms that mineralization in the belt is spatially and temporally associated with the middle Eocene to early Oligocene (~48?32 Ma), calc-alkaline Andahuaylas-Yauri batholith, a composite body with an areal extent of ~300 x 130 km emplaced into clastic and carbonate strata (e.g., Yura Group and Ferrobamba Formation) of Jurassic to Cretaceous age. Batholith emplacement included early-stage, mafic, cumulate gabbro and diorite between ~48 and 43 Ma, followed by pulses of granodiorite and quartz monzodiorite at ~40 to 32 Ma. Coeval volcanic rocks make up the middle Eocene to early Oligocene Anta Formation, a sequence of >1,000 m of andesite lava flows and dacite pyroclastic flows with interbedded volcaniclastic conglomerate. Sedimentary rocks include the red beds of the Eocene to early Oligocene San Jer

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