Evolution of lithosphere beneath the Syrian rift: A geodynamic model

Category Tectonic & Seismotectonic
Group GSI.IR
Location International Geological Congress,oslo 2008
Author Bilal, Ahmad
Holding Date 02 September 2008

Along the Syrian rift, in continuity with the Dead sea fault, volcanic activity has been occurring since early Mesozoic times. The recent (Neogene-quaternary) volcanism is very basic (picrobasalts, basanites). Few volcanoes contain a number of ultrabasic xenoliths, notably Iherzolites, harzburgites and pyroxenites. Xenolith texture is protogranular or granular, with a variable (mostly limited) degree of local melting by the enclosing basalt. Pure Co۲- bearing fluid inclusions have been found in olivine and pyroxenes from xenoliths and in phenocrysts from enclosing basalts. Highest density fluids (up to ۱.۱۵ g/cm۳), are observed in pyroxenites. They occur in primary, tubular inclusions adjacent to or even containing minute spinel grains, oriented along the exsolution lamellae of the clinopyroxene-host. P-T conditions of mineral equilibration in the xenoliths have been estimated from the pyroxene thermometer, and maximum density of fluid trapped in primary inclusions. They correspond to ۹۰۰ < T ~ ۱۲۰۰ oC, ۱۰ ~ P > ۱.۵ Kb respectively These P-T conditions do not show any significant variation between different regional occurrences, but well between various petrographical types, the maximum conditions being recorded in pyroxenites. A Geodynamic modele is proposed. It suggests that some clinopyroxene at least has been formed by mantle metasomatism, caused by ephemeral carbonate magmas, in a mantle plume located under the Arab plate. There are no lateral displacement, but there is at the depth of the plume, from ۱۰۰ Km in cretaceous to ۵۰ Km in Neogene, which corresponds to an ascent of ۵۰ Km approximately, in ۲۰۰ millions years ago.

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