Geothermal district heating project Zakopane, Poland
|Location||International Geological Congress,oslo 2008|
|Author||Bloomquist, Rodney Gordon|
|Holding Date||04 October 2008|
A project initially supported by the World Bank (until 2004) has been under development during recent years to reduce air pollution from local coal-fired boilers through increased utilization of geothermal heat (geothermally-heated water is transmitted 14 km from the Geothermal Peak Load Pland to the City of Zakopane) and natural gas (for peaking) in the Podhale region of Southern Poland. Initially, the project objectives included eventual connection of over 4,200 individual households and 172 commercial/industrial loads supporting up to 80,000 people in the Region. Taking into account the real circumstances, in 2003-2004 the Project was corrected and the final thermal capacity and heat sales were optimized and limited (ca. 600 Tj/y to be reached after 2011). HEATMAP was used to develop a hydraulic and economic model for the Zakopane district energy system using as input data the firures from the initial stage of the Project. The model identified hydraulic deficiencies in the distribution system as well as economic factors needed to support the viability of the project. The model initially developed in HEATMAP was transferred into TERMiS for extensive operational analysis and evaluation.