Reform of geosciences education in Mongolia
|Location||International Geological Congress,oslo 2008|
|Author||Ochir, Gerel; Baatar, Munkhtsengel|
|Holding Date||11 October 2008|
Educational reform took placed in Mongolia in last ten years made a change in Earth Science education. The major requirement was oriented to improving the quality of teaching, to changing of passive teaching with more interactive, attractive and informative forms of education, extremely important in Earth Science. Traditional teaching used in Applied Geology during forty years includes lessons, laboratory work, long term field practice, and industrial work in mapping teams and companies, which gives a good knowledge of mapping, prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits. Writing and reading in the literature used mainly for major courses in undergraduate and mainly graduate levels.
Developing a number of European Community and CIDA projects helped to change traditional style to new style student-centered teaching. Three levels of education: Bachelor, Master and PhD were accepted since 1996, and it provides the best opportunity for continuing study. Student-centered education helps to develop active study and thinking, and tests for assessment student knowledge. Development of new curriculum improved the structure of active learning, studio-style work developed in classroom for many core courses is very important for group work, students try to do class presentations.
The Museum of Geology and Mineral Resources at the Department is very effective form to educate not only students, but also secondary school teachers and school children and college groups. Geology, mineralogy, paleontology and structural geology are the core geology courses especially for introductory level teaching methods remain dominated by lecture, but most of faculty started to use more interactive methods. Very important is conseptest for assessment of student understanding.
Using concept sketches has revolutionized our own teaching, including how we conduct classes, assign homework, assess student learning, and recommend to students how they should study, self assess, and learn. E-learning is also effective way for students’ self-study which now is accepted highly in educational system. Recent educational trends place greater emphasis of assessment of learning and evaluation of courses. Traditional assessment, like exam not well assesses student skills. An ideal assessment can be used to provide formative assessments of student understanding; provides quantifiable data about student understanding; can be used by faculty to understand the effects of curricular changes and innovations, and can be used by faculty and administrators.
University’s Mater Plan provides very attractive way to modernize undergraduate and graduate education in Erath Sciences