Ilam, Bride of the Zagros

18 August 2004 | 17:14 Code : 4169 Geoscience events
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Ilam province had a glorious past as part of the ancient kingdom of Elam. The Elamite civilization was established some time around 3000 B.C. and survived until 640 B.C.
Ilam province had a glorious past as part of the ancient kingdom of Elam.
   The Elamite civilization was established some time around 3000 B.C. and survived until 640 B.C.
   Susa was the capital of ancient Elam but rapidly fell from prominence during the Neo-Elamite period at the end of the second millennium and continued to decline until about 700 B.C. Susa continued to be a ceremonial and cultural center, but the towns of Madaktu and Hidalu, mentioned in texts, appear to have been the major centers of political and military activity.
   Madaktu became the political capital of Elam for a time in the Neo-Elamite period. It is located in the modern-day province of Ilam. Ancient Elam was called Alamtuba Alam in ancient Babylonian inscriptions, which means highlands or the land of the rising sun, according to experts.
   The discovery of many ancient artifacts from the Sassanid era in Ilam province indicates that this region was also very important in that era.
   Ilam province is bounded by Khuzestan province and Iraq on the south, Lorestan province and parts of Khuzestan on the east, Kermanshah province on the north, and Iraq on the west.
   The province, which is mostly highlands, covers an area of 19,044 square kilometers. It has fertile areas, thick forests, parks designated as environmental protection zones, and productive mines.
   The towns of Ilam, Mehran, Dehloran, Dareh Shahr, Shirvan, Cherdavel, Ivan, and Abdanan are situated in this province. Due to its great natural beauty, Ilam province is called “the bride of the Zagros”.
   Natural and man-made resorts, therapeutic hot springs, beautiful natural caves, seventeen shrines, and historical sites such as ancient cities and castles, Zoroastrian temples, and ancient Assyrian inscriptions are among the attractions of Ilam province.
   
   
   
   
  

tags: ILAMQAZVIN


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