7-Atlas report reviews geomorphologic & the natural coastal features sheet: 1:100000 Bandar Anzali
||13 January 2006
Concurrent with population growth, the need for increased food supply for humans and their needful Vzndgy better comfort and most of all advanced facilities and tools to take more than whether the nature of uses, so if these human instruments and advanced features for proper utilization of available resources may be used Unless perhaps irreparable losses to Vtbyt to enter.
Concurrent with population growth, the need for increased food supply for humans and their needful Vzndgy better comfort and most of all advanced facilities and tools to take more than whether the nature of uses, so if these human instruments and advanced features for proper utilization of available resources may be used Unless perhaps irreparable losses to Vtbyt to enter. Naturally, each region has a talent and Ptansylhayy knowing that they can cross right kind of planning and resources can be exploited while removing needs of future generations will also consider as to minimize destruction of natural resources.
Therefore, a comprehensive approach on watershed basins and solution principles that originated from a vision and broad perspective can be helpful in many areas are problems. As a result of such approach prosperity, prosperity and abundance of water, air and reduce the stylized pollution, prevent some accidents and natural disasters such as flood, landslide, drought, earthquake and ... On the will.
Plain area of ecological Fouman and Anzali, botany, zoology, Hydrvbyvlvzhyky, geomorphology, and ... Is very important and in many different Vvaml premature death and loss of environment and ecosystems that contribute the most important ones are:
Reduce the water level of the Caspian Sea, polluting factors of population growth and industrial development in wetland margins, the incoming sediment to the fields and Anzali Wetland, agricultural development, exploitation of natural resources and the indiscriminate exploitation of aquatic resources and reserves and ...
Considering the importance of regional factors and the extent and variety of activities, organizations Vnhadhay Psoriasis can have a role in reducing these problems.
Considering that one of Geomorphological and branches of geological sciences, and it can not be found, so far from pointing to this area that Anzali, Bandar Anzali lagoon pools of important and is internationally recognized and in addition ecological issues, environmental, in particular the role of geography and local economy is so in addition to having
Special values, increase plant production, white protein (Vabzy migratory birds) as the most important economic fisheries support fish reproduction in the Caspian Sea, attracting tourists, regional flood control and water connection and ... Is also.
Noting that a number of watershed basins contour to the East River Sefid Rud River Basin Shafaroudi in the West are leading the wetland and the wetlands are affected. Therefore, the management of Marine Geology, Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration and Development and rehabilitation of mines and mineral industries in the goals and policies already been developed and more activities during their studies and executive development programs, the decision to offer comprehensive plans in this regard was in order to reduce damage, premature death of wetlands, loss Marginal facilities across rivers and agricultural lands border the river and ... Can play its role. Other goals of this brief report reviews key issues and problems leading to the river and wetland region.
The study area form part Zhyvmvfvlvzhy Anzali area southwest of the Caspian Sea between geographical coordinates 30, 37 to 37 degrees north latitude and 30, 49 and 49 degrees east longitude is located. Range to the north and the Caspian Sea and West Azjnvb domain Northern Alborz (Talysh Mountains) and western parts of the East River, White River will be terminated.
Major cities and access roads
Anzali, and Fouman Some’esara from major cities and is considered part of the road to Rasht, where is located in Ardebil. Tallest point with a height of 2700 meters in altitude mountain ridge south of the river the river is the castle and the lowest point around Anzali Lagoon or the Caspian Sea water level is 27 meters below sea level is free.
Forest area Hyrkanyn (Khazari) Accra was related to the mountainous regions, forest vegetation that makes up the human interference in the modified mode range vegetation height has a great impact. The interference of the forest and carved their place to Dardasht And at Brnjzarha mountain pastures are given. It also graze cattle on forest and charcoal production are severely damaged. Hyrkanyn characteristics of major forest (Khazari) thick with trees covered with wet leaves is unstable.
Caspian Sea level change and modes of occurrence of storm water directly at the Anzali Wetland in various years during the year and affect. Caspian Sea level during the past decade in constant down and slightly modified in different years Solar century since the beginning more than three meters of Caspian Sea water level has declined. Of course, although general trend in the Caspian Sea water level is down, but some sections affected by climate change, particularly volume streams of them, including the Volga River Level seawater increased in recent years that this phenomenon is evident. In total, a low water depth and breadth of the Caspian Sea water to wetlands is strongly affecting. because transport users move the old boats 14 meters with a circular floor and black Azpyrbazar Darvish sea have come. The open waters in the past, black lagoon Kyshm in traffic has been of such boats was. If the present low water depth and irregular growth of aquatic plants, small motor boats motion makes it difficult for boats in general and specific routes that traffic are constantly move and some other areas in addition to water depth, abundance of plants under water movement is prevented.
Undisputed magnitude of the Caspian Sea water level down in the water environment impact of the Anzali Wetland and parallel to the sea reduced height lands have been more out of the water. But always in the Anzali wetland water levels considerably higher than the Caspian Sea level is and high altitude wetlands in relation to the special environment of the Caspian Sea and the sea is blue lagoon. For example, when the height of the Caspian Sea has been Mtrsbt 3/27-, land located within the line level 25 - m Abkenari Underwater respectively. In addition to general trend to reduce or increase the height of the Caspian Sea level, sea-level fluctuations during the year also significantly different at the height of the Anzali Wetland water levels, before and after water on farms is an effective . Of course, climate change and sea waves on the system side effects given the intensity and sometimes years, especially when transplanting water flow in the pond for some time mode photos and pond water flows toward the farms.